Factors Related to Post-Stroke Depression among Older Adults in Da Nang, Viet Nam
Keywords:Post-stroke depression, Older adults
This study explored the level of post-stroke depression among older subjects, and the relationships between various factors (age, gender, education, activities of daily living, social support, self-esteem) and post-stroke depression. Eighty-nine participants were randomly sampled for this study, conducted in March-April 2015. The data collection occurred at the Cardiovascular Internal Medicine Department of Da Nang hospital and Medical Department, C hospitals, Da Nang, Viet Nam. Five questionnaires were used: The Demographic Data Form, The Post-stroke Depression Rating Scale (PSDRS, reliability = .85), The Modified Barthel Index (MBI, reliability = .94), The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS, reliability = .87), and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE, reliability = .82). Frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Point Biserial Correlation, Spearman’s Rho Correlation Coefficient and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient were used to analyze the data. The results revealed that: Older adults after stroke had minor depression (M = 12.79 [of a maximum of 45], SD = 7.51). Activities of daily living, social support and self-esteem significantly and negatively correlated with post-stroke depression (r = -.885, r = -.544, r = -.596, p < .01, respectively). However, age, gender, and educational level were not significantly related to post-stroke depression (p > .05)
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