The Effects of Applied Rusie Dutton Exercise on Fall Prevention in Older Adult

Main Article Content

Kanit Ngowsiri
Kanya Napapongsa

Abstract

This quasi-experimental study was to determine the effects of applied Rusie Dutton (RD) exercise on fall prevention in older adult that was a two-group pretest-posttest design. The participants were the elderly (aged 60-75) purposively recruited from 2 communities in Bangkok. They were randomized to the experimental group (n = 29) attended the 12 weeks-RD practice once a week with the researcher, and 2 days/wk. in RD group by themselves. The control group (n = 28) received no intervention. The assessments included measurement of muscle strength in lower limbs by using 30s-CST, gait cycle by using 8UG test, standing balance by using SIDE test, and the fear of falling by using FES-I (in Thai) test. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, independent sample t-test and paired t-test.


The results of the study showed that after the intervention there was a significant improvement in the muscle strength of the leg, gait cycle, and balance of the experimental group and better in the experimental group than in the control group. And a significant improvement was found in fear of falling within a group in the experimental group and lower in the experiment group than in the control group (p < .05) after the intervention. This study showed that the applied Rusie Dutton was effective for reducing the fall risk factors in the elderly and should lead to prevent falling in this population.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Ngowsiri K, Napapongsa K. The Effects of Applied Rusie Dutton Exercise on Fall Prevention in Older Adult. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2021Apr.25 [cited 2021Jul.29];22(1):176-85. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JRTAN/article/view/238244
Section
Research Articles

References

1. Strategy and Planning Division, Ministry of Public Health, Annual Report 2017; n.p.80. (in Thai)

2. Veronese N, Cereda E, Stubbs B, et al. Risk of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality in frail and pre-frail older adults: Results from a meta-analysis and exploratory meta-regression analysis. Ageing Res Rev. May 2017; 35:63-73.

3. Thai Health 2017. Empowering Vulnerable Populations Creating an Inclusive Society. Nakorn Pathom: Institute for Population and Social Research. Mahidol University. 2017; n.p.164-165. (in Thai)

4. Statistical Forecasting Bureau National Statistical office. The Government Complex. The 2014 Survey of the older persons in Thailand. Bangkok. Text and Journal Publication Co., Ltd. 2014. (in Thai)

5. Limpawattana P, Sutra S, Thavornpitak Y, Chindaprasirt J & Mairieng P.Geriatric Hospitalizations Due to Fall-Related Injuries. Journal Med Assoc.Thai. 2012; 95: S235-S239.

6. Junwang W. Fall in Thai Older Persons. (thesis). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2015. (in Thai)

7. Sorysang L, Khompraya J, & Natetanasombut K. A Study of Fall Prevention Guideline in Older Adult Living in Mitraphappatana Community. J The Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2014; 15(1) 122-129.(in Thai)

8. Chanjirawadee P, Sirisopon N, Kainaka P, & Onsiri S. The Effectiveness of a Fall Prevention Program for a Fall Prevention Behaviors in Hypertension Elderly.Journal The Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2017; 18 (Sup.): 41-48.(in Thai)

9. Guo Y, Shi H, Yu D, Qiu P. Health benefits of traditional Chinese sports and physical activity for older adults: A systematic review of evidence. Journal Sport Health Sci. 2016; 5(3): 270-280.

10. Furtado GE, Uba-Chupel M, Carvalho HM, Souza NR, Ferreira JP, & Teixeira AM. Effects of a chair-yoga exercises on stress hormone levels, daily life activities, falls and physical fitness in institutionalized older adults. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016; 24: 123-9.

11. Field T. Yoga research review. Complement Ther Clin Pract, 2016; 24: 145-61.

12. Nick N, Petramfar P, Ghodsbin F, Keshavarzi S, & Jahanbin I. The Effect of Yoga on Balance and Fear of Falling in Older Adults. PM&R. 2016; 8(2): 145-51.

13. Huang Y, Liu X. Improvement of balance control ability and flexibility in the elderly Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practitioners: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2015; 60: 233–238.

14. Zhao Y & Wang Y. Tai Chi as an intervention to reduce falls and improve balance function. Chinese Nursing Research. 2016; 3: 28-33.

15. American Collage of Sport Medicine. ACSM’s guideline for exercise testing and prescription. 6thed. 2000. Philadelphia Lippincot: Williams & Wilkins.

16. Thiamwong L. Psychometric Testing of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) in Thai Older Adults. Songkla Med J. 2011; 29(6): 277-87.

17. Department of Physical Education and Sports. Kasetsart University. Senior Fitness Test. 2015; n.p. 4-6.(in Thai)

18. Teranishi T, Kondo I, Sonoda S, Wada Y, Miyasaka H, Tanino G, Narita W, Sakurai H, Okada M & Saitoh E. Validity study of the standing test for imbalance and disequilibrium (SIDE): Is the amount of body sway in adopted postures consistent with item order?. Gait & Posture. 2011; 34: 295–299

19. Laochar N. Effects of Hermit Self Stretching Exercise on Muscle Strength and Flexibility of Working Women. [M.Sc. Thesis in Sport Science]. Chulalongkorn University; 2010. (in Thai).

20. Park CL, Riley KE, & Braun TD. Practitioners’ perceptions of yoga’s positive and negative effects: Results of a National United States survey. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016; 20(2): 270-9.

21. Wang C, Seo D-C, Li H. Tai Chi as an Intervention on Health Promotion for Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Integr Med Res. 2015; 4(1): 117-26

22. Smith PD, Mross P, Christopher N. Development of a falls reduction yoga program for older adults-A pilot study. Complement Ther Med. 2017; 31: 118-26.