Factors Influencing Suffering of Parents who had Children with Cancer
Keywords:parents’ suffering, beliefs about illness, perception of child’s physical suffering, social support, spirituality, children with cancer
This research examined the effect of parents’ perceptions of a child’s physical suffering, parents’ beliefs about illness, social support and spirituality on parents’ own suffering. The sample was selected by a cluster random sampling technique. Participants included 231 parents of children with cancer from six regional hospitals in Thailand. Data were collected by using a demographic data record form and self-report questionnaires about the perceptions of a child’s physical suffering scale, Family Illness Beliefs Inventory, Social Support Questionnaire, Spiritual Well-Being Scale and Suffering Scale. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and multiple regression. Results showed that the parents’ beliefs about illness and parents’ perceptions of their child’s physical suffering were significantly influence on the parents’ suffering (β = .38, p <.001 and β = .20, p <.001). These predictors combined could explain 23% of variance in parents’ suffering (R2 = .23, p < .001). Results indicated that the parents’ perception of child’s physical suffering and their beliefs about illness affected their own suffering. Nurses who care for children with cancer should be aware not only of their patients’ distress but also the suffering of the parents. They should develop quality of nursing interventions to reduce suffering and burden of parents in appropriate method.
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