Problems for their adolescents found in households with drinking parents
Keywords:alcohol drinking problems, children, households where drinking parents
Drinking alcohol is a behavior that has been associated with Thai society for a long time, and it does not just affect the alcoholics themselves but also those around them. The explanatory sequential study design aims to assess the problems for the children found in the households with drinking parents. Quantitative data were collected among 379 adolescents aged 13-18 years, using the researchers-adapted questionnaire. Qualitative data were collected among seven adolescents aged 13-18 years who responded to the questionnaire and lived in various sub-districts of Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District including two alcoholic parents, using the semi-structured interview. According to the findings, it was found that the average age of participants was 14.71years and the average number of their family members was 4.90. Approximately 58.84 percent of individuals reported having a good relationship with their family members. In the sampled families, the average number of drinkers was 1.97, of which 69.23 percent are their father and/or mother. The average age of drinkers was 43.70 years, and they started drinking when they were 22.60 years. It was also found that 63.64 percent of them often drank at their homes in the evening (83.33%), and 39.84 percent of the drinkers were also smokers. Moreover, the study sample was affected at a moderate level (7.28%) and high level (1.12%). The common problems associated with drinking parents were verbal and emotional effects, physical discomfort especially at night, and the need to take care of drinkers, as well as perceived availability of ease of access to alcohol. When assessing the relationship using the multiple logistic regression, it was also found that the household relationship and the parental smoking are related to the problems for their children living in the households with drinking parents at the significance level of 0.05 (Adjusted OR=3.02, 95% CI=1.06 to 8.61 and Adjusted OR=5.42, 95% CI=1.48 to 19.91, respectively). Therefore, relevant agencies should organize rejection or negotiation skills-building activities for parents, especially for those who drink too much, and should also provide counseling on how to get rid of drinking habits by limiting the amount and duration of their drinking in order to bring the time wasted on alcohol consumption, especially in the evening, to build a good family relationship with their family members. Those parents who both drink and smoke should be encouraged to understand and recognize the benefits of choosing to adjust their smoking behavior first. This is because the smoke that sticks to the body and clothing makes it difficult for children to physically show their love and affection for their parents.
Saelim S, Moopayak K, Suwonnaroop N. Factors related to alcohol drinking behavior of adolescents. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing 2017;37(3):25-36. (in Thai)
Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (TH), Department of Woman’s Affairs and Family Development. Report on domestic violence situations for reporting in accordance with Section 17 of the Domestic Violence Victim Protection Act 2007, 2018 [Internet]. Bangkok: Department of Woman’s Affairs and Family Development; 2019 [cited 2021 Apr 17]. Available from: http://www.violence.in.th/publicweb/pdf/M17/M172561.pdf. (in Thai)
Ausanangkornchai S, editors. Alcohol consumption in Thai society report 2017. Bangkok:
Sahamit Phatthanakan Printing; 2019. (in Thai)
Chaiyasong S, Phakdeesettakun K, Thamarangsi T. Provincial alcohol report 2017. Nonthaburi: The Graphico Systems Co. Ltd; 2017. (in Thai)
Ausanangkornchai S, editors. Provincial alcohol report 2017. Bangkok: Sahamit Phatthanakan Printing; 2019. (in Thai)
Ministry of Interior (TH), Department of Provincial Administration. Population by age in Nakhon Ratchasima Province, December 2017 [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2018 Dec 13]. Available from: http://stat.dopa.go.th/stat/statnew/upstat_age_disp.php. (in Thai)
The Board of Directors of Drug Addiction Academic Network. Status of Alcohol Consumption in 2007. Bangkok: Center for Alcohol Studies; 2007. (in Thai)
Sornpaisarn B et al. Annual Report 2009 of Alcohol Situation. Bangkok: Center for Alcohol
Studies; 2009. (in Thai)
Niwasabut N. Children at risk of alcohol: From a family of drinkers [Internet]. Bangkok: Office of News Sod Co., Ltd; 2019 [cited 2020 Nov 12]. Available from: https://www.khaosod.co.th/lifestyle/news_2975142. (in Thai)
HD editor. What is sexual bullying and why do kids engage in it? [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 12]. Available from: https://hd.co.th/what-is-sexual-bullying-and-why-do-kids-engage-in-it. (in Thai)
Suanprung Psychiatric Hospital. A wonderful life if giving up alcohol (Abstaining from alcohol=Reducing social problems). [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2018 Dec 13]. Available from: https://mhc7.go.th/archives/4952. (in Thai)
Waleewong O, Thamarangsi T, Jankhotkaew J. Alcohol’s Harm to Others: Concepts, situations and knowledge gaps of Thailand. Journal of Health Systems Research 2014;8(2):111-9. (in Thai)
Best JW. Research in education. New Jersey: Prentice Hall; 1977.
Ministry of Interior (TH), Department of Provincial Administration. Population statistics for the year 2018, Nakhon Ratchasima Province [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 May 20]. Available from: https://stat.bora.dopa.go.th/stat/xstat/new/6112/6112cc30.txt. (in Thai)
Jirawatkun A. Statistics for Health Sciences Research. 4th ed. Bangkok: Witapat Company Limited; 2015. (in Thai)
Tanaree A, Vichitkunakorn P. Alcohol Drinking and Provincial Alcohol Problem Index (PAPI) in Thailand: The 2017 Survey. Journal of Health Systems Research 2019;13(2):353-67. (in Thai)
Ausanangkornchai S, editors. Facts and figures: Alcohol in Thailand 2016-2018. Bangkok: Sahamit Phatthanakan Printing; 2019. (in Thai)
Siripong W, Aphisamacharayothin P. PRECEDE Framework analysis that related to alcoholic drinking behaviors of bachelor’s degree female students in a university Phitsanulok Province. Thaksin University Library Journal 2018;7:91-110. (in Thai)
World Health Organization. 10 Facts about road safety [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 Jun 11]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/facts-in-pictures/detail/road-safety.
Suriyawongpaisan P, editors. Open the perspective to reflect the truth of the vulnerable Road Users (VRUs). Bangkok: Triple Group Co., Ltd; 2019. (in Thai)
Pharitikankit T. Community context under the Semi-urban, Semi-rural Society. FEU Academic Review 2015;9(1):7-15. (in Thai)
Oscar-Berman M, Marinkovic K. Alcoholism and the brain: an overview. Alcohol Research & Health 2003;27(2):125-33.
The Dawn Wellness Centre Chiang Mai. Teenagers and addictions ... how can parents help protect their children from drugs and booze? [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 March 7]. Available from: https://thedawnwellnesscentre.co.th/blog/preventing-teens-from-addiction/. (in Thai)
Totharong P, Limprasutr P, Wannapornsiri C. Experience of persistent cut down of alcohol intake among former alcohol dependence. Journal of Nursing Science Naresuan University 2008;2(2):45-61. (in Thai)
Sirirasamee B, Champakao A, Hoalamyong J, Sirirasamee T Konkaew T, Genroj P et al. Impact of tobacco control policy in Thailand International smokers survey, 4th round (2009). Nakhon Pathom: Institute for Population and Social Research Mahidol University; 2012. (in Thai)
Tobacco Control Research and Knowledge Management Center, Mahidol University. Thailand tobacco consumption statistics report 2018. Bangkok: CDMK Printing; 2018. (in Thai)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Disease Control Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the Disease Control Journal are considered as academic work, research or analysis of the personal opinion of the authors, not the opinion of the Thailand Department of Disease Control or editorial team. The authors must be responsible for their articles.