The association between occupational health hazards perception and safety behavior among workers of rubber wood factory
This cross-sectional research aimed to study occupational health hazards perception applying health belief model, safety behavior, and the association between occupational health hazards perception and safety behavior among workers of rubber wood factory. The samples were 344 rubber wood factory workers in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, percentage, mean, standard deviation, chi-square analysis, and Fisher’s exact test. The study revealed that most workers in rubber wood factory were females (66.3%), aged between 36-45 years (35.3%), married (70.9%), primary school education (39.5%), income range between 5,001-10,000 Baht/month (72.1%), and work experience 1-5 years (52.6%). Regarding perception on occupational health hazards it was found that of perception of cues to action was at high level (88.4%), followed by perceived benefits (79.0%). Safety behavior was at high level (96.5%), with safety behavior after having finished working had the highest level (98.3%), followed by safety behavior before starting work (92.4%). Regarding the association between occupational health hazards perception and safety behavior, it was found that perceived susceptibility was significantly associated with safety behavior at p<0.05. The findings of this research recommended that the factory should continuously emphasize the perceived occupational health hazards on the perceived susceptibility, thus allowing the workers to have work safety behavior throughout working period. In addition, occupational health education related to occupational health hazards in wood-related work processes that might cause accidents or diseases should be promoted among workers in order to improve perception and awareness of health hazards.
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