Predictive factors associated with the acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccination for the elderly in Phra Phutthabat District, Saraburi Province

  • Vallerut Pobkeeree Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Somboon Thaweelap Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
Keywords: seasonal influenza vaccination, vaccination acceptance, the elderly

Abstract

The purposes of this predictive research were to study the predictive factors associated with the acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccine and its acceptance level of the elderly in Phra Phutthabat District, Saraburi Province. By using multistage cluster sampling, 382 samples, who are senior citizens aged >65 years, were included in this study. Data were collected using a questionnaire, which was created based on the Health Belief Model and the concept of access to health services. The content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the panel of experts and its index was 0.97. The reliability value of the questionnaire was 0.88. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson‘s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the elderly acceptance level (78.0%) of seasonal influenza vaccination was high. Income, history of previous influenza vaccination, information, advice, knowledge, perception of susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and accessibility to receive influenza vaccination were found to have statistically significant association with the acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccine. In parallel with this finding, knowledge, perception of susceptibility, benefits, barriers, accessibility to receive influenza, history of previous influenza vaccination, and income were statistically significant predictors of the acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccine. These seven predictive variables accounted for 41.2% of the prediction of seasonal influenza vaccine.

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Author Biography

Somboon Thaweelap, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University

นักศึกษาหลักสูตรวิทยาศาสตรมหาบัณฑิต (สาธารณสุขศาสตร์) สาขาวิชา การบริหารสาธารณสุข ภาควิชาบริหารงานสาธารณสุข คณะสาธารณสุขศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล 

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Published
2019-12-25
Section
Original Article