Association between work characteristics and musculoskeletal disorders among perioperative nursing staffs


  • Tangsathajaroenporn W Nursing Department, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai
  • Sonkham W Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai


work characteristic, musculoskeletal disorders, perioperative nursing staff


Objectives To investigate the association between work characteristics and musculoskeletal disorders among perioperative nursing staffs.

Methods The descriptive correlational research was conducted among 186 nursing personnel who work in the operating room in a tertiary care hospital. Data were collected using a self-report questionnaire comprised 3 parts including 1) personal and work data 2) perceived of work characteristics measured by Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ) of Sheikhzadeh et al. and 3) musculoskeletal disorders occurrence measured by Standardized Nordic Questionnaire (SNQ). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic and Chi-Square test.

Results The finding indicated that the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders among perioperative nursing staffs during the 7-day was 71.8%. The most frequently reported were shoulder, low back and knee (47.8%, 44.4%, and 38.2%, respectively). The occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders during the 12-month was 83.9%. The most frequently reported were low back, shoulder and knee (60.6%, 60.0%, and 52.8%, respectively). There were significant positive associations between musculoskeletal disorders reported within 7-day and 12-month period and work characteristics include working with twisting of wrists, overexertion of hands or arms, and repetitive movement (p <.05).

Conclusions Perioperative nursing personnel are at risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. Testing the relationship was found that job characteristics were significantly associated with musculoskeletal disorders. Implementing programs or activities to reduce or prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders in these groups should be considered.


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How to Cite

W T, W S. Association between work characteristics and musculoskeletal disorders among perioperative nursing staffs . Chiang Mai Med J. [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 1 [cited 2022 May 25];60(4):767-80. Available from:



Original Article