Promoting an individual and family self-management among persons with metabolic syndrome in community: a case study
Keywords:individual and family self-management, persons with metabolic syndrome in community, metabolic syndrome, case study
Objectives To study the processes and outcomes of promoting self-management of individuals and families in persons with metabolic syndrome in the community.
Methods This research is a case study. Promoting processes of an individual and family self-management among persons with metabolic syndrome using the individual and family self-management theory of Ryan and Sawin (2009), consisting of three parts: 1) knowledge and belief in health conditions, 2) skills and abilities in self-management, and 3) social facilitation. The samples in this study consisted of four families. The research instruments were comprised of a promoting plan for individual and family self-management and a self-management handbook for persons with metabolic syndrome. Data were analyzed by comparing the similarities and differences in each case study.
Results Utilized in the promoting process an individual and family self-management among persons with metabolic syndrome revealed that all families could manage their diets, exercises, and stress. Family members, colleagues, and neighbors influenced the self-management of person with metabolic syndrome. After promoting the self-management process of individuals and families in persons with metabolic syndrome showed that all persons with metabolic syndrome had accurate knowledge and understanding about the disease. They were able to manage themselves appropriately and continuously which led to a reduction of their body weight, body mass index, and waist circumference. For their family members, they had behavioral changes but only one person had reduced body weight and body mass index.
Conclusion Promoting processes of self-management of individuals and families in persons with metabolic syndrome in the community can provide a good outcome for persons with metabolic syndrome. Therefore, the recommendation for future study should increase number of samples or conduct quasi-experimental study.
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