Occupational health literacy among health workers in a hospital under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
Keywords:occupational health literacy, health workers, occupational health in hospital
Objectives To investigate occupational health literacy level and associated factors among health workers in a hospital under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.
Methods This research is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The samples, obtained from stratified sampling, were 415 health workers. Occupational health literacy was assessed by the self-administered questionnaire, The occupational health literacy scale for health workers, which has been adjusted and validated by content validity and reliability. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression analysis.
Results The sample group had a moderate level of occupational health literacy with an average score 130.34 ± 15.79 (95%CI: 128.82-131.86) or 72.41 percent. The highest score was managing self-occupational health (74.53 percent) and the lowest score was occupational health communication skills (67.27 percent). Factors significantly associated with good occupational health literacy were female (p = 0.011), aged below 45 (p < 0.001), no shift work or overtime (p = 0.029), history of occupational health training (p = 0.002), occupational health and safety policy perception (p < 0.001) and adequate occupational health and safety support, by high support (p < 0.001) and low support (p = 0.023).
Conclusions The promotion of occupational health literacy among health workers should focus on occupational health communication skills, providing appropriated occupational health services to each group of occupation, increasing occupational health training, establishing occupational health and safety policy, and allocating support. To enable health workers to develop health workers’ competencies in occupational health practice for work safety and effectiveness.
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