Prevalence, risk factors for, and impacts of workplace violence on nurses in a medical school in Thailand

Authors

  • Sidthipongsa S Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok
  • Sasithornsonthi J Department of Occupational Health, Safety and Environment, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok
  • Wongrathanandha C Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
  • Manonai J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok
  • Aekplakorn W Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University

Keywords:

workplace violence, nurses, medical school

Abstract

Objectives To determine the prevalence of, risk factors for and impacts of workplace violence experienced by nurses in a medical school in Thailand.

Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted of registered nurses in a medical school hospital in Thailand in 2020. Each participant completed a self-reported online questionnaire (ILO/WHO/ICN/PSI Geneva 2003 modification). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the risk factors for workplace physical violence and verbal abuse.

Results A total of 816 nurses were recruited. The reported prevalence of workplace violence against nurses in the previous 12 months was 39% (verbal abuse 38%, physical violence 8%). The most common perpetrators of verbal abuse were colleagues (32%) and patients (29%), while patients were the primary source of physical violence (84%). Risk factors associated with any form of workplace violence included young age (20-39 years), higher education (masters or doctoral degree), perceived insufficient number of staff, and working in an emergency unit (p < 0.05). Five percent of the victims reported absences from work resulting from verbal abuse. Among victims of physical violence, 18% received injuries of which 8% required medical treatment.

Conclusions Workplace violence against nurses is a common occupational hazard that affects their physical and psycho-logical well-being. Implementation of programs, e.g., training for younger nurses on violence management skills, reporting systems as well as efforts to ensure a safe work environment should be strengthened.

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Published

2021-10-01

How to Cite

1.
S S, J S, C W, J M, W A. Prevalence, risk factors for, and impacts of workplace violence on nurses in a medical school in Thailand. Chiang Mai Med J. [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 1 [cited 2022 May 25];60(4):437-47. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/CMMJ-MedCMJ/article/view/253917

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Original Article